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Primates on the U.S. Endangered Species List

Primates on the U.S. Endangered Species List

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Common name

Scientific name

Historic Range

Where

Status

When Listed

Critical Habitat

Special Rules*

Avahi

Avahi (=Lichanotus) laniger (=entire genus)

Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Aye-aye

Daubentonia madagascariensis

Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Baboon, gelada

Theropithecus gelada

Ethiopia

Entire

T

16

16, 376

1740(c)

Chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes

Africa--see 1740(c)(3)

Wherever found in the wild

E

16, 376

NA

NA

Chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes

Africa--see 1740(c)(3)

Wherever found in captivity

T

16, 376

NA

1740(c)

Chimpanzee, pygmy

Pan paniscus

Zaire

Entire

E

16, 376

NA

NA

Drill

Mandrillus (=Papio) leucophaeus

Equatorial West Africa

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Gibbons

Hylobates spp

China, India, Southeast Asia

Entire

E

3, 15

NA

NA

Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla

Central and western Africa

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Indri

Indri indri (=entire

Malagasy Republic

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Langur, capped

Trachypithecus (=Presbytis) pileatus

India, Burma, Bangladesh

Entire

E

15

NA

NA

Langur, Douc

Pygathrix nemaeus

Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Langur, Francois'

Trachypithecus (=Presbytis) francoisi

China (Kwangsi), Indochina

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Langur, golden

Trachypithecus (=Presbytis) geei

India (Assam), Bhutan

Entire

E

15

NA

NA

Langur, gray

Semnopithecus (=Presbytis) entellus

China (Tibet), India, Pakistan, Kashmir, Sri Lanka, Sikkim, Bangladesh

Entire

E

15

NA

NA

Langur, long-tailed

Presbytis potenziani

Indonesia

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Langur, Pagi Island

Nasalis concolor

Indonesia

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Langur, purple-faced

Presbytis senex

Sri Lanka

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Lemurs

Lemuridae (incl genera Lemur, Phaner, Hapalemur, Lepilemur, Microcebus, Allocebus, Cheirogaleus, Varecia)

Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)

Entire

E

3, 15,

NA

NA

Macaque, Formosan rock

Macaca cyclopis

Taiwan

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Macaque, Japanese

Macaca fuscata

Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu and Honshu Islands)

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Macaque, lion-tailed

Macaca silenus

India

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Macaque, stump-tailed

Macaca arctoides

India (Assam) to southern China

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Macaque, Toque

Macaca sinica

Sri Lanka

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Mandrill

Mandrillus (=Papio) sphinx

Equatorial West Africa

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Mangabey, Tana River

Cercocebus galeritus galeritus

Kenya

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Mangabey, white-collared

Cercocebus torquatus

Senegal to Ghana; Nigeria to Gabon

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Marmoset, buff-headed

Callithrix flaviceps

Brazil

Entire

E

139

NA

NA

Marmoset, cotton-top

Saguinus oedipus

Costa Rica to Colombia

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Marmoset, Goeldi's

Callimico goeldii

Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Marmoset, white-eared (=buffy tufted-ear)

Callithrix aurita (=jacchus a)

Brazil

Entire

E

233

NA

NA

Monkey, black colobus

Colobus satanas

Equatorial Guinea, People's Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Gabon

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Monkey, black howler

Alouatta pigra

Mexico, Guatemala, Belize

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Monkey, Diana

Cercopithecus diana

Coastal West Africa

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Monkey, Guizhou snub-nosed

Rhinopithecus brelichi

China

Entire

E

400

NA

NA

Monkey, L'hoest's

Cercopithecus lhoesti

Upper eastern Congo R Basin, Cameroon

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Monkey, mantled howler

Alouatta palliata

Mexico to South America

Entire

E

15

NA

NA

Monkey, Preuss' red colobus

Procolobus (=Colobus) preussi (=badius p)

Cameroon

Entire

E

139

NA

NA

Monkey, proboscis

Nasalis larvatus

Borneo

Entire

E

15

NA

NA

Monkey, red-backed squirrel

Saimiri oerstedii

Costa Rica, Panama

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Monkey, red-bellied

Cercopithecus erythrogaster

Western Nigeria

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Monkey, red-eared nose-spotted

Cercopithecus erythrotis

Nigeria, Cameroon, Fernando Po

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Monkey, Sichuan snub-nosed

Rhinopithecus roxellana

China

Entire

E

400

NA

NA

Monkey, spider

Ateles geoffroyi frontatus, Ateles geoffroy panamensis

Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Monkey, Tana River red colobus

Procolobus (=Colobus) rufomitratus (=badius. r)

Kenya

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Monkey, Tonkin snub-nosed

Rhinopithecus avunculus

Vietnam

Entire

E

16, 400

NA

NA

Monkey, woolly spider

Brachyteles arachnoides

Brazil

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Monkey, yellow-tailed woolly

Lagothrix flavicauda

Andes of northern Peru

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Monkey, Yunnan snub-nosed

Rhinopithecus bieti

China

Entire

E

400

NA

NA

Monkey, Zanzibar red colobus

Procolobus (=Colobus) pennantii (=kirki) kirki

Tanzania

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Orangutan

Pongo pygmaeus

Borneo, Sumatra

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Siamang

Symphalangus syndactylus

Malaysia, Indonesia

Entire

E

15

NA

NA

Sifakas

Propithecus spp

Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)

Entire

E

4

NA

NA

Tamarin, golden-rumped

Leontopithecus spp

Brazil

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

Tamarin, pied

Saguinus bicolor

do

Entire

E

16

NA

NA

Tamarin, white-footed

Saguinus leucopus

Colombia

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Tarsier, Philippine

Tarsius syrichta

Philippines

Entire

T

16

NA

1740(c)

Uakari (all species)

Cacajao spp

Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela

Entire

E

3

NA

NA

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Go to http://endangered.fws.gov/50cfr_animals.pdf for all wildlife species listed in the United States as threatened or endangered in Adobe Acrobat .pdf format.

From http://endangered.fws.gov/

Title 50-Wildlife and Fisheries
PART 17-ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS

Subpart B-Lists
17.11
Endangered and threatened wildlife.

(a) The list in this section contains the names of all species of wildlife which have been determined by the Services to be Endangered or Threatened. It also contains the names of species of wildlife treated as Endangered or Threatened because they are sufficiently similar in appearance to Endangered or Threatened species (see 17.50 et seq.).

(b) The columns entitled ''Common Name,'' ''Scientific Name,'' and ''Vertebrate Population Where Endangered or Threatened'' define the species of wildlife within the meaning of the Act. Thus, differently classified geographic populations of the same vertebrate subspecies or species shall be identified by their differing geographic boundaries, even though the other two columns are identical. The term "Entire'' means that all populations throughout the present range of a vertebrate species are listed. Although common names are included, they cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, since they may vary greatly in local usage. The Services shall use the most recently accepted scientific name. In cases in which confusion might arise, a synonym(s) will be provided in parentheses. The Services shall rely to the extent practicable on the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

(c) In the ''Status'' column the following symbols are used: ''E'' for Endangered, ''T'' for Threatened, and ''E [or T] (S/A)'' for similarity of appearance species.

(d) The other data in the list are nonregulatory in nature and are provided for the information of the reader. In the annual revision and compilation of this title, the following information may be amended without public notice: the spelling of species' names, historical range, footnotes, references to certain other applicable portions of this title, synonyms, and more current names. In any of these revised entries, neither the species, as defined in paragraph (b) of this section, nor its status may be changed without following the procedures of Part 424 of this title.

(e) The ''historic range'' indicates the known general distribution of the species or subspecies as reported in the current scientific literature. The present distribution may be greatly reduced from this historic range. This column does not imply any limitation on the application of the prohibitions in the Act or implementing rules. Such prohibitions apply to all individuals of the species, wherever found.

(f) (1) A footnote to the Federal Register publication(s) listing or reclassifying a species is indicated under the column ''When listed.'' Footnote numbers to 17.11 and 17.12 are in the same numerical sequence, since plants and animals may be listed in the same Federal Register document. That document, at least since 1973, includes a statement indicating the basis for the listing, as well as the effective date(s) of said listing.

(2) The ''Special rules'' and ''Critical habitat'' columns provide a cross reference to other sections in Parts 17, 222, 226, or 227. The ''Special rules'' column will also be used to cite the special rules that describe experimental populations and determine if they are essential or nonessential. Separate listing will be made for experimental populations, and the status column will include the following symbols: ''XE'' for an essential experimental population and ''XN'' for a nonessential experimental population. The term ''NA'' (not applicable) appearing in either of these two columns indicates that there are no special rules and/or critical habitat for that particular species. However, all other appropriate rules in Parts 17, 217 through 227, and 402 still apply to that species. In addition, there may be other rules in this title that relate to such wildlife, e.g., port-of-entry requirements. It is not intended that the references in the ''Special rules'' column list all the regulations of the two Services which might apply to the species or to the regulations of other Federal agencies or State or local governments.

(g) The listing of a particular taxon includes all lower taxonomic units. For example, the genus Hylobates (gibbons) is listed as Endangered throughout its entire range (China, India, and SE Asia); consequently, all species, subspecies, and populations of that genus are considered listed as Endangered for the purposes of the Act.

*"SPECIAL RULES" (Click here for full text in the Code of Federal Regulations)

TITLE 50--WILDLIFE AND FISHERIES

CHAPTER I--UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE
INTERIOR

PART 17--ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS--Table of Contents

Subpart D--Threatened Wildlife
excerpt:

(c) Primates. (1) Except as noted in paragraphs (c)(2) and (c)(3) of this section, all provisions of Sec. 17.31 shall apply to the lesser slow loris, Nycticebus pygmaeus; Philippine tarsier, Tarsius syrichta; white-footed tamarin, Saguinus leucopus; black howler monkey, Alouatta pigra; stump- tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides; gelada baboon, Theropithecus gelada; Formosan rock macaque, Macaca cyclopis; Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata; Toque macaque, Macaca sinica; long-tailed langur, Presbytis potenziani; purple-faced langur, Presbytis senex; Tonkin snub-nosed langur, Pygathrix (Rhinopithecus) avunculus; and, in captivity only, chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes.

AESOP-Project Note: Due to lobbying by the biomedical reserach community, several of the twelve monkey species and chimpanzees listed in Title 50, Chapter I, Part 17 D were made exempt from ESA protection to be used in particular research protocols. Many of these research protocols are now defunct. Though these species are denied the protection they deserve, the exemption status is subjecting these species to exploitation by interlopers focused on commerce (breeders/dealers). AESOP-Project contends that it is contrary of the ESA that these species are being sold into the pet trade without proper endangered species permits being required.

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